Chapter 11 provides a study of air transport security in Kenya. It considers the relationship between air transport and the overall development of African countries and identifies security as one of the most relevant issues in this context. The chapter considers the procedures and protocols that characterize security in Kenyan airports and the agencies that are involved in these tasks. Air cargo security is also analyzed and the roles of the various public and private stakeholders involved are discussed. The chapter then discusses other air transport security challenges faced by Kenya including the location of airports, access control and airport perimeter fencing, security screening equipment and procedures, and the training of security personnel. The chapter finally considers the main strategies to enhance air transport security in Kenya, which include the need to implement ICAO standards, to cooperate with other East African Community members and to implement the AVSEC mechanism.