Emerging Chinese MNCs have rapidly expanded their network of subsidiaries both in the developed and in developing countries over the last two decades. As has been widely documented, expatriation is a crucial issue in such a process. However, the available academic literature has focused mainly on MNCs from industrialized countries, i.e. western and Japanese MNCs. Are there specificities in expatriation by Chinese emerging MNCs? Specificities may be expected due to the lack of experience of these MNCs, and due to particular conditions at home – including working and living conditions and the fact that most emerging Chinese MNCs are state owned, for instance. In order to answer such a question, this study is based on a qualitative investigation of 18 cases of carefully selected Chinese MNCs. Key words: emerging Chinese MNCs, expatriation policies, cross-cultural management.
Chuan-Feng Wu, Ching-Fu Lin and Mao-Wei Lo
In light of the scientific evidence confirming that tobacco consumption poses a higher risk of cancer and deaths, and therefore constitutes a significant threat to global public health, Taiwan has implemented a myriad of tobacco control measures under its Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act (THPA) in light of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. However, the THPA faces new legal challenges raised by the emergence of e-cigarettes. This chapter examines Taiwan’s current regulatory framework relating to e-cigarettes and explores the regulatory gaps by identifying the key legal and ethical issues. By closely scrutinizing the proposed e-cigarette regulations and the justifications put forward by the government, the chapter assesses multiple policy options and endeavors to determine an optimal institutional design for a more rounded approach to e-cigarette control policies. Where relevant, the chapter also offers a contextual analysis of China’s e-cigarette regulation (or lack thereof) as well as key issues on tobacco control.