EU governments have established a complex framework for cooperation against terrorism within the Area of Freedom Security and Justice. In particular, given the significant differences in national and legal frameworks for the prevention and repression of terrorist offences in several EU Member States, the adoption of instruments aiming at the approximation of substantive criminal law in this field was considered indispensable to establish a common response at the EU level and also to facilitate judicial and police cooperation as most cases have a cross-border dimension. There is now, however, an additional concern about terrorist foreign fighters and returnees, and the most recurrent refrain in any comment on terrorist attacks is that ‘Europe is still unprepared’. This contribution assesses whether and to what extent the existing counter-terrorism framework matches current needs in terms of risk prevention and management. It also considers whether a more holistic approach is both desirable and possible at the EU level, and what that would entail.
Edoardo Ongaro, Francesca Ferré, Davide Galli and Francesco Longo
This chapter discusses the ‘effects’ of recent public sector managerial reforms in Italy. It arises that the country has adopted managerial tools to a significant extent, yet not up to the point to have changed in any fundamental way the overall administrative system. The portrait of the Italian public sector that emerges is one in which the layering of managerial tools and logics combine with persistent, underlying Weberian elements: this frame can be interpreted along the lines of the Neo-Weberian model as outlined by Pollitt and Bouckaert (2011). This research adds confidence to the interpretation that the Neo-Weberian model may be an apt interpretation of trajectories of administrative reform also in Southern European countries.