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Louise Obara, Te Klangboonkrong, Gary Chapman and Regina Frank

Higher Education plays an important role in addressing pressing sustainability challenges. Whilst research has explored those involved in the sustainability process, the focus has often been on senior managers. To address this, we reflect critically on our role as educators in the context of the increased importance of sustainability issues. To 'frame' this reflection, we apply and extend von Hippel's lead user concept by analysing the accounts of lead and non-lead users in an autoethnographic study. Our findings give insights into the diversity of lead users in a rapidly changing university world and can inform the development of policies and practices that drive sustainability in higher education.

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Lisa Messina, Gary Chapman and Nola Hewitt-Dundas

‘Open innovation’ is increasingly regarded as an important driver of high-technology new ventures’ innovation performance. Given the considerable benefits of openness, this has motivated interest in understanding the determinants of firms’ open innovation activities. While much insight has been gained on the relationship between internal research and development (R & D) and firm openness, it is still unclear how the characteristics of the R & D team, specifically its gender composition, affect openness. Using a 13-year longitudinal panel of Spanish manufacturing firms, this chapter examines whether the gender composition of R & D teams has an effect on the extent to which firms engage in open innovation.