As the largest emergent market and second largest economy, China is playing an important role in the global economy. China is transitioning from a major investment destination to one of the leading global investors. The United States is the top choice of international investment. Over the past five years, Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) in the United States has been surging with a focus on the sectors of real estate, high-technology, new energy, and entertainment. This chapter explores China’s FDI in the United States by presenting background information on global FDI and China’s global outward direct investment (ODI), and examining China’s FDI in the United States at the industry and company levels. It also discusses the implications of China’s rapidly increasing ODI and provides recommendations for how to make the process constructive for both China and the United States. This chapter can also be a valuable resource for other countries facing radical FDI increase from China.