This chapter reviews the utopian promise that queer was believed to offer for alternative ways of living in urban space. It elaborates a number of important social, legal and technological changes in recent decades which have undone and overtaken aspects of that utopian promise. In this context, the chapter considers some of the important ways in which queer has changed in response to these changes, and how this has altered the form, function, presence and location of queer space in the city. Finally, it asks ‘where next?’ for queer urbanism and the emancipatory promise it once offered for urban alternatives. Keywords: queer theory, cities, urbanization, queer city
Social attitudes towards homosexuality have shifted towards more liberal and tolerant perspectives in many countries over recent decades. Many theorizations of these social changes have linked them to neoliberalism, despite such changes having their origins in older social struggles. This chapter troubles this alignment of neoliberalism with recent advances in legal equalities for LGBTQ people. It points to the diversity of economic relations that exist within and alongside neoliberal agendas and mainstream capitalist forms. A diverse economies approach to sexuality can help rethink sexual politics across specific sexual identity categories and outside of hegemonic neoliberalism. This chapter examines the diverse economies entangled with a digital dating and hook-up app and the solidarity economies which have shaped the rapid adoption of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) as a preventative treatment against HIV infection. While both cases appear, at first glance, to be saturated by neoliberal and ‘homonormative’ imperatives, the author’s reading queers this analysis.