You are looking at 1 - 10 of 29 items

  • Author or Editor: Geert Van Calster x
Clear All Modify Search
This content is available to you

Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins

This content is available to you

Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins

You do not have access to this content

Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins

Governments around the world have been trying to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for decades. This detailed Handbook considers the spectrum of legal and market-based instruments as well as strategies and policies adopted around the world and suggests more effective, comprehensive and responsive ways of managing climate change mitigation.
You do not have access to this content

Stephanie Bijlmakers and Geert Van Calster

You do not have access to this content

Geert Van Calster and Leonie Reins

EU Environmental Law discusses the reality for legal practice throughout the EU, as environmental law of the Member States is becoming ever less 'national'. Consequentially European environmental regulation is becoming more complex and interrelated, making it an emerging field of study for European law graduates, and an area of increasing exposure to the legal profession. This book gives readers a thorough overview of core European environmental law, with a section on the basic framework and principles, as well as on substantive law issues giving insight into the legislation in the different sectors and the most topical developments.
This content is available to you

Geert Van Calster and Leonie Reins

This chapter discusses the history and developmental context of European environmental law. It establishes the sources thereof, as well as the division of competences in European law in general and in the area of environmental law specifically. Lastly, it discusses the objectives of European environmental law, namely sustainable development, a high degree of environmental protection, the quality of the environment, protecting human health and promoting measures at the international level.

You do not have access to this content

Geert Van Calster and Leonie Reins

This chapter introduces the principles important to European environmental law. More precisely, it discusses the general principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, integration and sustainable development, as well as the environmental principles, precaution, prevention, rectification at source and the polluter pays.

You do not have access to this content

Geert Van Calster and Leonie Reins

This chapter introduces the actors in the area of European environmental law, specifically the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union, the European Commission, the European Court of Justice, the Committee of the Regions, the Economic and Social Committee, as well as other actors. The chapter also discusses the legal instruments, the possible legal bases for environmental action, the environmental guarantee and the decision-making process.

You do not have access to this content

Geert Van Calster and Leonie Reins

Implementation and enforcement have always been one of the key challenges in environmental law. For a variety of reasons, the Commission has had a hard task to ensure correct and timely implementation of legislation in the Member States. Even when directives are formally transposed, their effects may not be felt for years due to unenthusiastic enforcement. Reasons for enforcement problems abound: the principal recourse to directives rather than directly enforceable regulations, giving Member States room for manoeuvre which often leads to implementation delays; the technical nature of the legislation involved; the qualification of a number of environmental goods as being part of the common heritage, hence not triggering direct enforcement action by individuals (the so-called ‘tragedy of the commons’); the over-emphasis of Union environmental law on the specific environmental challenges posed by heavy industry, sidelining the concerns of small and medium-sized enterprises and hence causing resentment with grass roots industrial activity; the lack of sufficient resources allocated by Member States to environmental protection; and so on. This chapter addresses the tools for implementation and enforcement of EU environmental law

You do not have access to this content

Geert Van Calster and Leonie Reins

This chapter addresses the implementation of the United Nations Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (“Aarhus Convention”) in the EU. In particular it reviews the three pillars of public participatory rights, a) the right of access to information, b) participation in decision making, and c) access to justice in European Law, as well as the application of the Convention to European Institutions and bodies.