The purpose of this chapter is to discuss how EU law can help to bridge the gap in migrant workers’ social security protection by facilitating the protection of rights of persons moving in and out of the EU. How does EU social security law impact upon the legal position of these persons and what are the strategic options for realising further improvements? A number of options are discussed, varying from adopting unilateral protective standards to signing up to the major global instruments on the protection of migrant workers. In between these options, some attention is paid to the possibility of linking up regional co-ordination standards, establishing an EU-Ibero-American pact.
The chapter deals with the future of EU security law. The possible developments are presented on a raster matrix. The horizontal axis depicts the intensity of the process of European integration. The process may deepen and accelerate (EU united) or it may grind to a halt or even reverse (EU disintegration). The vertical axis depicts the possible evolution of social security between the two extremes of ‘consolidation’ and ‘fragmentation’. The future scenarios must be seen as the results (governance models) ensuing from the four possible combinations which exist in the matrix raster. How do the proposals presented in the other chapters of this book relate to these governance models?