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Gordon Wilmsmeier

Arctic shipping is frequently seen as a way of reducing transit time and distance on traditional East–West shipping routes. However, this potential of trade and making it economically viable and competitive has to be differentiated by the type of shipping sector and traffic, and according to changing market environments. Arctic shipping might also play a key role in exploiting recently discovered natural resources close to the Arctic Sea Routes. The exploitation of these resources is challenging, but also offers significant market prospects and commercial opportunities. The use of tankers in the Arctic is not a new phenomenon, but the volume of exploitable cargo would make Arctic shipping one of the biggest future tanker markets. A significant challenge is to deliver shipping services in the most environmentally sound manner and adapting to the extreme physical conditions, with temperatures below -50°C and multiyear ice covering the water surface. The pristine ecosystem in the Arctic is particularly vulnerable as the natural breakdown of pollutants is slower in these climatic conditions. Before the Arctic can reliably be used on a large scale for transit by shipping along its routes and passages, more investment is required in infrastructure and the provision of marine services. Integration will be a key issue as navigation in the Arctic may impact stakeholders beyond the region, as the region has the potential to evolve as one of the critical waterways for international shipping in the future.

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Ricardo J. Sanchez and Gordon Wilmsmeier

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Gordon Wilmsmeier and Jason Monios

This chapter analyses the evolution of the container shipping sector and considers whether the market can now be considered mature, and, if so, what comes next, drawing on traditional theoretical concepts relating to market cycles and economies of scale. The life cycle theory is applied to the container shipping sector, demonstrating that the sector is at the stage of maturity; but whether it will decline or be reinvigorated is open to question. Finally, the chapter considers whether the current challenges to the sector will lead to a new phase or to a decline.

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Edited by Gordon Wilmsmeier and Jason Monios

This multidisciplinary book delivers a unique collection of well-considered, empirically rich and critical contributions on maritime transport geographies. It covers a wide range of markets and territories as well as institutional, environmental and future issues.
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Gordon Wilmsmeier and Jason Monios

This chapter introduces the volume by first establishing the background of maritime transport and historic trends, leading into a discussion of how these trends reflect the core principles of the discipline of geography: namely space, place, scale and network. A brief review of the history of maritime transport geography is presented, including a summary of current topical issues. The chapter contributions are each introduced, before some final thoughts on the future of the sector and the role to be played by geographers.

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Gordon Wilmsmeier and Jason Monios

This chapter introduces the principles of global trade, and in particular the maritime perspective. It outlines the historic development of maritime trade and transport to the present day, identifies the main trades and geographical regions, and discusses shifts in the structure of sea transport supply and demand from the perspective of transport and trade geography. Finally, the chapter closes with some thoughts on the future of globalisation from the perspective of maritime geography.