This chapter documents and analyses the diverse presence and activities of the Cosa Nostra, Camorra and ‘Ndrangheta in Emilia Romagna, another rich region of Italy’s north. Although law enforcement, media and scholarly attention to mafia infiltration in this area has been much less intensive than in Lombardy, this chapter presents data demonstrating the clear presence of mafia-type organised crime in the region for several decades. The analysis first explores why the situation in Emilia Romagna has attracted less attention than elsewhere. It then provides an overview of mafia activities, paying special attention to the past two decades. Finally, it focuses on a branch of the ‘Ndrangheta that has been active there on and off for over 40 years. Adopting an analytical framework proposed by Rocco Sciarrone, it thereby offers an analysis of the past, the present and possible future scenarios.