This chapter examines the changing nature of surface transport governance and what challenges the so-called ‘three revolutions’ of shared, autonomous and electric mobility bring. By paying greater attention to the formation of policies through networks of actors it is argued that the change in mobility will be strongly influenced by the business models, financing and strategies of the new and incumbent operators. This is not to suggest that the state will not be able to leverage significant influence over the direction of future developments. However, how it approaches this task will define whether the system travellers face is deeply integrated or whether such integration has to paper over the long-standing and new divides between individual modes. An overarching message from the chapter is that far greater attention has to be paid to how transitions which actually deliver public value can be brought about.
Iain Docherty, Greg Marsden, Jillian Anable and Tom Forth
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought previously unimaginable change to the level of mobility in the economy almost overnight. People who have never before worked from home have had to do so almost immediately, and business travel has stopped almost completely in a matter of weeks. At the same time, the uncertainty about how long social distancing restrictions will have to be in place is already focusing attention on how long it will take for demand for public transport to recover. The pandemic has therefore brought into sharp focus questions about the level of mobility the economy actually needs to function, and by extension, whether COVID-19 is an opportunity to radically reformulate our assumptions about how to decarbonise economic activity. The chapter will cover specific issues including: To what extent could virtual economic activity be embedded in place of activities requiring physical mobility, and for what sorts of activities and sectors? What would need to happen to maintain this? • Has the reduction in activity frequency led to new ways of consolidating how things get done? For example, the food retailing sector has reorganised very quickly to accommodate much greater online ordering and home delivery • How will the phased nature of lifting of social distancing restrictions impact on the longer-term attractiveness of public transport, cycling and car use and how varied will this be between places? How will the revenue support for transport services, the economic case for future capital investment in transport infrastructure and the appraisal frameworks required to govern them adapt to the post-COVID19 world.