This chapter provides an understanding of the imbedding of corporate social responsibility (CSR) within small- to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), through continual learning achieved by organizational development processes. Through an interpretivist case study, we investigated the collaborative relationships of 10 Australian organizations. Benefits of these relationships are reflected in improved returns, increased efficiencies, and enhanced stakeholder relationships. From these benefits, improved problem solving, change intervention, and implementation were evidenced, and supported a causal relationship between positive collaboration and mutual learning. The metaphor of a tree, the ‘collaborative ecosystem model’ is used to explain these relationships and the developmental stages explored; from seed to sprouting of the tree is depicted in terms of theory, corresponding action, and behaviours.
Katrina Radford, Heather Stewart and Harsha Sarvaiya
Increasing competition for students, tightening funding, and increasing demand for course offerings delivered in multiple modes increases the need to explore relationships between study mode choice and student outcomes. Previous research has not explored why undergraduate management students choose to study online or face to face, or how students feel these choices influence learning outcomes? This chapter presents the findings of a mixed method study conducted using first- and third-year management students in an undergraduate degree program from a large, Australian, public university. The findings reveal that personal resources and access to campuses are important and the foremost reason students choose to study online. In contrast, students reported choosing to enroll in the face-to-face mode owing to learning styles, engagement, the need to maintain momentum or motivation in their studies, and the desire to receive more feedback. Mode of delivery did not impact students’ intentions to leave, engagement, or perceived task load. These findings suggest that students can select a mode to optimize their learning, work, and life commitments, without notable consequence on outcomes.
Greg Maynes, Heather Mitchell, Peter Schuwalow and Mark Stewart
This study uses statistical techniques to compare the competitiveness of different sports with the number of opportunities there are to become a professional sportsman or sportswoman. It uses these results to rank various team and individual sports in terms of the prospects they offer players or competitors to earn a living from their sport. Comparisons are made between the team sports of Australian football, baseball, cricket, football (soccer), rugby league and rugby union and the individual sports of athletics (track and field), golf and tennis.