Helen Ingram and Anne L. Schneider
Helen Ingram and Raul Lejano
Charles W. Howe and Helen Ingram
Anne Schneider and Helen Ingram
Social constructions of the target populations of public policy heavily influence the process by which policies are created. In the case of policy formulation in particular, framing the target population has a profound impact on the selection of policy tools. The chapter argues that these social constructions impacting policy formulation become deeply embedded into policy-making orientations, explaining how some groups are more advantaged than others and how policy design can reinforce or change these biases.