Chapter 10 discusses air transport security in Israel. It begins by considering the relevance of the terrorist hijacking in 1968 for the development of a stringent aviation security strategy in Israel. It then comments on the main security related episodes that have occurred since 1968. Israeli security philosophy has, at its core, the necessity to identify potential terrorists. The chapter then lists the assumptions that characterize the multi-circle strategy adopted by the Israeli security officers and agencies. They emphasize the role of technology and of well-trained personnel and the importance of security over some inconvenience to passengers. The chapter then considers the security procedures at Israel’s airport which have, as their aim, that no suspicious human or physical element should be able to overcome the security checks. The chapter concludes with a comparative analysis between the human and the technological elements that includes a discussion of their related advantages and disadvantages.