Following the academic inspiration of Kuhnle and Hort, this chapter traces the evolution of the developmental welfare state in Korea. The developmental welfare state has been a very effective tool for economic development. It is also developmental in the sense that it was intended to develop into a universal welfare state. The chapter shows that the developmental state became more inclusive as Korea was successful in terms of economic development and democratic consolidation. Nevertheless, transition from the developmental to the universal welfare state proved to be very difficult at the final stage, as the Korean government has been unable to move such policy change forward.
The concept of global social policy has been elaborated to understand global efforts for social protection in a systematic manner and to devise more effective policy instruments for social protection in developing countries. This chapter first discusses the conceptual issues of global social policy in order to elaborate it as an analytical framework for an examination of the practices of global social policy that the global community has conceived and implemented over the last six decades. This chapter also discusses the question of whether these global social policy ideas and instruments are conducive to economic and social development in developing countries. Formulating global social policy in terms of ideas, actors, instruments and implementation, this chapter examines global social policy since the post-war period, including recent global efforts such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and points out that focusing only on the global dimension of policy will not be sufficient to understand global social policy, although it is vital to being engaged in global debates on social protection. It argues that integration of global social policy into policy framework at the national level has proven to be critical for the effective implementation of global social policy.