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Hugh Rockoff

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Michael Leeds and Hugh Rockoff

For many years after the Civil War there were many prominent African American jockeys. They rode winners in all of the Triple-Crown races: the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes. But at the turn of the century African American jockeys were forced out. It was another poignant example of the “Strange Career of Jim Crow.” This chapter uses a new dataset on the Kentucky Derby, including odds all the entrants in all of the races through 1911, to explore further the attitudes of owners, trainers, and the betting public toward African American jockeys before their expulsion.