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Jaewoo Choo

This chapter adopts Carl Schmitt’s securitization theory in seeking to understand relations between China and North Korea. As a socialist comrade and an ally, China has no other choice but to keep security relations between China and North Korea as a bilateral issue. Hence, in seeking to maintain the bilateral relationship China still has a propensity to restrain from appeasing other international community members seeking to choke off goods flowing into North Korea and instead Beijing and the provinces continue to provide by assistance to North Korea. Simultaneously, it is unwilling to provide non-traditional security (NTS) to the North for political and economic reasons of its own. Other regional states understand that China’s position is a reaction to processes of politicization and securitization, and that this presents problems in developing a common position.