Good network planning makes a significant contribution towards public transport’s role in a city’s mobility mix, and consequently towards the achievement of sustainability and greenhouse gas abatement goals in the transport sector. Good public transport networks are characterised by a simple and legible route structure, a hierarchy of lines to capitalise on the varying performance and capacity of different transit modes, maintaining and improving the speed and reliability of each route, and the location and quality of interchange facilities. The performance of public transport is enhanced if urban development or intensification strategies seek to concentrate land uses in alignment with the level of network accessibility and connectivity of transit routes and interchanges. Mobilising these benefits is a collective challenge that emphasises the importance of strong public planning processes and institutions to organise and implement them with comprehensive involvement of public transport users.
Jan Scheurer and Carey Curtis
Jan Scheurer and Carey Curtis examine socio-spatial equity and transit investment in Melbourne. Following inner-urban gentrification trends over several decades, Australia’s larger cities show a strong pattern for socio-economically disadvantaged groups to reside at the urban fringe, where they are also transport-disadvantaged. Spatial data compares socio-economic disadvantage against indicators of public transport accessibility to illustrate how current public transport investment programs in Melbourne could be modified and expanded to address spatial inequalities. It is argued that a greater geographical reach of high-quality public transport and of opportunities for low-car living must coincide with dedicated housing affordability programs if a reversal of social-spatial disparities is to occur.
Shaoli Wang, Carey Curtis and Jan Scheurer
In many respects Chinese and Australian urban planning and transport strategies follow the same path towards promoting public transport use at the expense of car driving. But the use of the private car occurs as an integral part of cultural and social life for individuals and families. Travel choice reasons are many and complex. The relationship between travellers’ travel attitude factors and revealed travel behavior is examined, drawing on a survey of residents from Kangjian, Shanghai and Bull Creek, Perth, These suburbs were selected on the basis of high public transport accessibility. A performance/importance rating measures the satisfaction and dissatisfaction of individual travellers. The extent to which improvements in service quality can be used to increase acceptance of public transport depends on the users’ perceptions of the quality of services. This suggests a policy for integrating a preference shaping process into public transport planning may be of benefit.