This chapter charts some of the current trends related to human rights within the European Union (EU). After a brief introduction into the various mechanisms and recent developments in the EU human rights area, the chapter analyses, by way of an example, one substantive issue of particular concern, that of human rights of migrants in the EU. Migration is an area that raises a host of human rights issues in practically all EU Member States. While some Member States have, generally speaking, good human rights records, all of them face criticism with regard to their treatment of migrants, especially those considered ‘illegal’. Concerns have also been raised about the role of the Union itself in contributing to developments that undermine some migrants’ human rights. The chapter reflects on the actual treatment of various groups of migrants against the EU’s lofty assurances about its commitment to universal human rights.