Satu Aaltonen, Robert Blackburn and Jarna Heinonen
Jarna Heinonen, Ulla Hytti and Eeva Vuorinen
Ulla Hytti, Jarna Heinonen and Pekka Stenholm
This chapter introduces a course organized as part of the transferable skills curriculum of the graduate school programme. The course is unique in applying the experiential learning method in a short PhD course. The participating PhD students come from different disciplines in the seven faculties at the University of Turku. The course provides an introduction to entrepreneurial thinking and action. It covers a ten-hour learning camp and a two-hour wrap-up session after the camp as well as related pre-readings. Between the sessions, the participants write a reflective learning diary. Based on our analysis of the learning diaries and observations during the camp, the students’ learning outcomes vary between (1) learning about entrepreneurship; (2) recognizing their own learning needs; (3) understanding the role of action; (4) teams in entrepreneurship; (5) transforming problems into solutions; and (6) doing identity work. The chapter underlines the need for subsequent reflection as essential for learning.
Dieter Bögenhold, Jarna Heinonen and Elisa Akola
Dieter Bögenhold, Jarna Heinonen and Elisa Akola explore the overlapping areas of entrepreneurship, self-employment and professions. Their study presents empirical findings obtained from a unique Finnish survey including freelance journalists, translators and interpreters, and artists at the blurred boundaries between waged work and entrepreneurship. The manifestations of entrepreneurship vary, reflecting the work and the labor market situation within these professions. Many different socioeconomic situations can be found ‘in between’, which are driven by different social logics. In such circumstances, the term ‘entrepreneurship’ can be misused when it is used indiscriminately and, therefore, can easily generate myths and stereotypes, which are challenged by the study.