Unlike regulation on the use of animal materials, the use of human materials in the EU is not regulated by one specific Regulation or Directive, despite a common legal base in public health, and common regulatory problems across the legal regimes for human tissues and cells, human blood and blood components, and human organs. Jean McHale and Aurélie Mahalatchimy consider the following: what is the legal classification, and consequently the applicable legal regime for human materials? How does EU law ensure their quality and safety for human applications? How does EU law facilitate access to human materials? What ethical questions do human materials raise and how does EU law manage them? McHale and Mahalatchimy conclude that the patchwork regulatory regime leaves a lack of consideration for important ethical concerns.