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Edited by Jean-Christophe Dissart and Natacha Seigneuret

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Jean-Christophe Dissart and Natacha Seigneuret

This chapter makes some introductory comments on the book. Focusing on the main terms of the book title, it positions the book within the literature by defining the concept of territory and by explaining the shifts that have occurred in the perception of what local resources are and what the goals of development should be. Basically, as there has been a shift from a commodity-based to a service-based economy, and as growth has been challenged as the ultimate goal of development, the notion of what constitutes a resource is not fixed over time and depends upon local stakeholder action, while well-being and quality of life have replaced growth as multidimensional concepts to promote and strive for. The chapters included in this book explore these changes and shed light on examples of such changes. This introduction also presents the structure of the book and provides extended abstracts for each chapter. The concluding section takes a step back to outline the key contributions and general findings of this collective work.

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Natacha Seigneuret and Jean-Christophe Dissart

This book emphasises the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to understand the links between territorial actors, territorial resources and well-being. In Part I, the researchers observe that territorial resources, whatever their nature, force the actors to work towards new standards and to develop an endogenous collective intelligence that takes into account exogenous changes to their territories. The chapters in Part II focus on the relational resources that develop on the territories and contribute to people’s well-being. Beyond the plurality of theoretical positions, all the researchers note that, while social relationships are essential to people’s well-being, their complexities require that analytical frameworks be renewed with interdisciplinary approaches. Based on a wide array of research topics, this book makes it possible to capitalise on the knowledge that has been built up regarding territories and to disseminate it to various audiences and actors in the territory. In this way, the book helps to strengthen the links between actors and researchers and to facilitate the interface between research and current societal issues.

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Edited by Jean-Christophe Dissart and Natacha Seigneuret

Using empirical evidence, this book argues for a more comprehensive view of the diversity of local resources and well-being from a territorial perspective. The first part of the book addresses the contrasting nature of local resources: in connection with proximity and governance, the ground, the past, cultural heritage sites, the snow, and energy. Well-being from multiple perspectives is examined in the second part, shedding light on sociabilities vs. income level, accessibility for pedestrians, health via urban design, life course trajectories as indicators of quality of life, and the connection between amenities and social justice.
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Jean-Christophe Dissart, David W. Marcouiller and Yves Schaeffer

Dissart, Marcouiller and Schaeffer define natural amenities as place-based natural attributes that provide local benefits to people or firms. As such, these natural amenities have often been central to quality of life debates over the past few decades. As access to amenities and, thus, to an enhanced quality of life may be unequal among socio-economic groups and across space, this chapter addresses the question of the extent to which natural amenities and social justice are related. First, a theoretical connection is made between the two concepts. Most of the chapter, though, empirically addresses the amenity_justice relation by focusing on two different cases: rural lakefront property in the Lake States (USA), and amenity-driven migration in the metropolitan areas of Marseille and Grenoble (France). In the US case, qualitative experience-based and interview methods triangulated with parcel-level tax information show that the presence of water furthers inequality between long-time residents and relative newcomers. In the French case, a statistical analysis of individual migration data is used in combination with the amenity preferences of household types to demonstrate the heterogeneity of preferences between social groups for different amenities. Therefore, in the US and French cases, natural amenities are associated with economic inequalities, environmental gentrification and socio-spatial segregation processes, that is, social justice issues. These results suggest the need for greater consideration of the connection between amenity and justice in urban and regional plans.