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Edited by Jean-Luc Gaffard and Evens Salies

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Innovation, Economic Growth and the Firm

Theory and Evidence of Industrial Dynamics

Edited by Jean-Luc Gaffard and Evens Salies

This book addresses the foundations of economic growth at the firm level, combining both theoretical and econometric contributions by established scholars. Challenging contributions revisit Marshall’s view on the management of innovation, investigate the decision of firms to venture into entrepreneurship and clarify some misunderstanding about Schumpeter’s ideas. The book goes on to shed light on the classical specialisation-flexibility trade-off and provides a vision on the role of the knowledge-based economy and firm networks in technology development. Firm survival and performance, price-cost margins and the determinants of research intensity are also investigated econometrically.
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Jean-Luc Gaffard, Mauro Napoletano and Stefano Battiston

We revisit the theoretical underpinnings of the monetary policy consensus before the Great Recession. We highlight how they resulted from New Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models that (i) neglected the actual process of coordination in markets, (ii) saw price rigidity as an obstacle to the correct functioning of markets, and (iii) overlooked the effects of finance on the determination of credit supply. Furthermore, we outline some elements of an alternative framework conceiving the output-inflation dynamics as the result of coordination efforts in markets that are constantly in disequilibrium. We discuss how such a disequilibrium perspective leads to opposite conclusions with respect to DSGE models about the role of price rigidity and of fiscal and monetary policy interactions, and about the process of endogenous money formation and credit supply. Finally, in such a perspective, quantitative easing policies may play a key role also in normal times as key determinants of the distribution of financial risk.

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Mario Amendola, Sergio Bruno and Jean-Luc Gaffard

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Jean-Luc Gaffard, Sarah Guillou and Lionel Nesta