China’s intercity railway planning regime is too often seen as a centrally constituted, internally coherent, and operationally closed system, but this view ignores or downplays the extent to which this regime is embedded in a web of power relations. Using intercity railway development in Guangdong Province’s Pearl River Delta as an example, this chapter argues that the intercity railway planning regime is emerging as a hybrid, contradictory and relatively open system. It explores how key planning decisions for the Pearl River Delta Intercity Railway network are initiated, planned, negotiated and implemented in the context of a diffuse power structure and an inadequate institutional environment.
Jianhua Xu, Qipu Hu and Anli Jiang
This chapter provides a review of current research on Chinese policing. It examines how recent political and economic development in China affects empirical research in this area. We discover that the nature of Chinese party-state as an authoritarian capitalism has clear footprints in policing studies in China. More specifically, three group discourses revolving authoritarian capitalism are identified in literature. First, scholars have widely explored how authoritarianism affects Chinese policing. They find that due to its authoritarian politics, many police works center around increasing performance legitimacy for the party-state. The securitization of Chinese state has greatly affected police operation. Police violence and corruption have their institutional roots of lack of accountability in authoritarian politics. Low police morale is observed under authoritarian model of policing. Second, scholars have examined how market logic under capitalism penetrates into policing. They find that policing has increasingly become a commodity to be purchased in the market. The principle of cost-saving and efficiency can also be seen in policing civilianization and outsourcing. Third, it is observed that Chinese policing is evolving towards a soft-authoritarian policing model as many soft-line tactics are adopted along its authoritarian way of law enforcement. This chapter ends with suggestions for future studies on Chinese policing.