Chapter 22 discusses suicides among married women in rural China. The Chinese suicide rates used to be among the highest in the world, with about 23 suicide deaths every year for each 100 000 Chinese population. Suicides by young females in rural China contributed substantially to the high rate of suicide and the total number of suicides, given the large number of people in China. Given the traditional familial structure that remains largely intact in rural China, this chapter reports that being married is not a protective factor for suicide in rural China. Fertility events are not related to suicide risk for rural young women. Social support is stronger for unmarried women than for married women, and risk factors tend to be family-related issues. Zhang accounts for rural young women’s suicides in Chinese culture contexts, using Durkheim’s notion of fatalistic suicide and the ‘strain theory of suicide’.
Shifu Wang, Zhaohua Deng, Zheng Liu, Nannan Zhao, Xiaoyang Zhang and Jie Liu
The wide use of information communication technologies (ICT) is now a new characteristic of urban life. In planning terms, there are timely questions to ask: what are the new forms of planning brought in by these new technologies? What are their opportunities and challenges? In order to answer these questions, this chapter reviews the evolution of planning support science in China, focusing on its impacts on the three stages of planning. Then it provides several case studies of urban development projects in Guangzhou, teasing out the details of the real impacts. The chapter concludes that planning support systems have been applied in three key stages of planning in China, including urban plan preparation, the adoption of urban plans and planning implementation. However, challenges lie in the lack of collaborative culture in the original planning system, and the on-site and off-site dilemma that this new technology brings, as well as the planning capability to respond to the shared economy.