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Graduate Migration and Regional Development

An International Perspective

Edited by Jonathan Corcoran and Alessandra Faggian

This book aims to integrate and augment current state-of-the-art knowledge on graduate migration and its role in local economic development. Comprising the key scholars working in the field, it draws together an international series of case studies on graduate migration, a recognised critical component of the global pool of labour. Each chapter describes empirically founded approaches to examining the role and characteristics of graduate migration in differing situational contexts, highlighting issues concerning government policy, data and methods.
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Alessandra Faggian, Jonathan Corcoran and Mark Partridge

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Angelina Zhi Rou Tang, Jonathan Corcoran and Francisco Rowe

The number of domestically educated overseas graduates remaining in Australia after graduation has risen significantly since 2007. There is growing evidence to suggest that overseas graduates have a high probability of being employed in lower-skilled jobs that do not match their educational qualifications. A lack of spatial flexibility in terms of geographic mobility underlies this outcome. Prior work has examined the role of long-distance commuting in reducing the chance of experiencing an education_–job mismatch, but there is limited empirical research on the way migration acts as a strategy to overcome this misalignment. Compared to long-distance commuting, migration enables a larger geographical scope of job search and thus is regarded as offering a greater potential in mitigating education–job mismatch. Drawing on annual data from the Australian Graduate Survey between 2008 and 2012, this chapter examines the role of internal migration in lowering the likelihood of overseas graduates experiencing an education–job mismatch. Results highlight that migration leads to a reduction of education–job mismatch among overseas graduates. Nonetheless, the extent of this impact is marginal, lowering the probability by only 2–3 per cent. This modest effect is attributed to the tendency of overseas graduates to echo the settlement patterns of long-standing migrants and relocate to metropolitan regions that typically have a higher incidence of education–job mismatch.

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Alessandra Faggian, Jonathan Corcoran and Rachel S. Franklin

This chapter is the first analysis of graduate mobility patterns in the United States with a focus on unveiling the role that inter-regional migration plays in shaping graduate salaries. By classifying graduates into five groups based on their sequential migration behaviour first from their pre-university state to college and then from college to their current job location, results reveal that most migratory individuals – that is, ‘repeat migrants’ – benefit from the highest wage premium both in terms of mean (16.3 per cent) and median salary (13.2 per cent). Results also point to other migration behaviours attracting wage premiums, although these vary according to the type of graduate. In particular, domestic graduates benefit more from return migration (an 11.3 per cent increase in mean salary) than repeat migration (10.1 per cent) possibly because of network and family effects in the state of domicile. Overall we find that migration behaviour does influence labour-market outcomes and salaries in particular. Geographical space – in this case represented by migration flows – matters, and should always be included in analyses. This study is a first step towards gaining a more comprehensive understanding of the role that migration plays in shaping the spatial distribution and dynamics of human capital across the United States. This is particularly important given that the United States is the world’s largest education market that continues to experience marked growth.

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Jonathan Corcoran, Robert Stimson, Prem Chhetri, David Rohde and Angela Higginson

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Dorina Pojani, Jiashuo Chen, Iderlina Mateo-Babiano, Richard Bean and Jonathan Corcoran

This chapter explores several questions related to bike-sharing. What are the characteristics of a successful public bike-sharing program? What are the characteristics and dynamics of the riders that use these systems? Beyond users’ own predilections and patterns, are there environmental characteristics that lead a system to succeed? What is the public discourse around bike-sharing? These are important questions because installing or adopting public bike-sharing requires significant public and/or private investment along with modifications to the urban environment. Understanding which factors enhance or hinder public bike-sharing is critical in helping cities anticipate how the local population will react and decide whether such a scheme is viable, before contemplating what design and siting will work best. Drawing on current knowledge, we discuss both docked and dockless bike-sharing systems.