You are looking at 1 - 10 of 10 items

  • Author or Editor: Joop Schippers x
Clear All Modify Search
You do not have access to this content

Joop Schippers

This chapter discusses self-employment within the context of increasing labour market flexibility and compares self-employment with other forms of flexibility in terms of (dis)advantages, attractiveness for different groups of individuals and the risk of precariousness. With the changing nature of self-employment it has become attractive for other types of individuals. So far, female participation in self-employment is lower than male participation. Forced self-employment may contribute to the risk of precariousness. Low participation in maintenance of and the investment in new human capital may constitute a risk for future precariousness among self-employed.

You do not have access to this content

Self-Employment as Precarious Work

A European Perspective

Wieteke Conen and Joop Schippers

Since the 1970s the long term decline in self-employment has slowed – and even reversed in some countries – and the prospect of ‘being your own boss’ is increasingly topical in the discourse of both the general public and within academia. Traditionally, self-employment has been associated with independent entrepreneurship, but increasingly it has become a form of precarious work. This book utilises evidence-based information to address both the current and future challenges of this trend as the nature of self-employment changes, as well as to demonstrate where, when and why self-employment has emerged as precarious work in Europe.
This content is available to you

Wieteke Conen and Joop Schippers

This chapter initiates the conversation between theory, methods, evidence and consequences of self-employment as precarious work. We conceptualize precarious employment in the context of self-employment and approach precarious work as an employment situation in which individuals or households are unable to fulfil fundamental physiological and security needs while working as self-employed. Throughout the book we emphasize three dimensions of precariousness which seem particularly relevant in the context of self-employment: income inadequacy while working (related to concepts such as in-work poverty, low-income households and financial resilience); a lack of adequate social benefits and regulatory protection (related to concepts such as false or bogus self-employment and social security provisions); and work with a high uncertainty of continuing work (related to concepts such as work insecurity, lack of employability and financial unrest). The chapter examines developments in Europe and illustrates the content and contributions in this book.

You do not have access to this content

Kène Henkens and Joop Schippers

You do not have access to this content

Joop Schippers and Wieteke Conen

This chapter discusses the findings from previous chapters, points to future policy challenges and presents suggestions for future research. The picture of self-employment as precarious work in Europe is diverse and far from uniform, but with respect to the different dimensions one may conclude – though with a degree of caution – that: (1) for many self-employed current income is not an immediate or pressing problem, although for some this is mostly because their income from self-employment is not the only source of income. Still, many self-employed lack the opportunity to put something aside for a rainy day; (2) in various countries, social benefits and regulatory protection are relatively poor, though very much depending on specific national conditions; and (3) uncertainty for self-employed is typically high, but also often regarded part of the job. Directions for future research include research on changes in employment biographies over time, employment insecurity and social protection.

You do not have access to this content

Amelia Román, Joop Schippers and Leen Heylen

This content is available to you

Edited by Peter Ester, Ruud Muffels, Joop Schippers and Ton Wilthagen

This content is available to you

Ton Wilthagen, Ruud Muffels, Peter Ester and Joop Schippers

You do not have access to this content

Ruud Muffels, Joop Schippers, Ton Wilthagen and Peter Ester

You do not have access to this content

Innovating European Labour Markets

Dynamics and Perspectives 

Edited by Peter Ester, Ruud Muffels, Joop Schippers and Ton Wilthagen

This book examines innovative theoretical perspectives and novel labour market policy responses to Europe’s changing work demands, employment careers and life courses. It presents creative ideas and recommendations for flexicurity policies at various levels and in different social and economic contexts. The driving factors determining the performance of dissimilar pathways in Europe are identified in regard to their impact on the flexibility/security nexus. Key issues in the current European policy debate are addressed, including how innovative policies are designed in the areas of working time, education, work–life balance, employment relations, retirement and migration, how they are put into practice and what determines their level of success.