Jorunn Grande and Espen Carlsson
This study investigates interaction and resource development between formalized regional supporters and nature-based start-ups in a non-core Nordic region. Data from eight start-ups and four workshops with support actors show a complex picture of combinatory entrepreneur/firm, environmental and formal support factors that promote nature-based business start-ups and employment. In a rural context, formalized support actors seem to adopt roles usually played by investors and experienced entrepreneurs in an urban/high growth contexts. The interaction and resource development between supporters and entrepreneurs thus seem more critical in rural entrepreneurial ecosystems (EEs) than in urban/high growth EEs. Entrepreneurs with prior experience seem most efficient in the interaction with formalized support organizations. A dilemma is that the entrepreneurs with the greatest need for assistance may lack capacity to internalize knowledge and resources offered. Implications for practice and policymaking are discussed.