Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are often used as a procurement method and project model for essential services infrastructure. However, PPPs involve a number of environmental, social and human rights risks. While international organizations, development banks and national governments have developed a number of guidelines on PPPs, the guidelines developed thus far do not consider human rights as an explicit risk or impact category, posing the risk that human rights impacts related to essential services infrastructure are overlooked. Given this context, it is argued that human rights impact assessment (HRIA) could be a useful tool for helping to identify the human rights aspects of a PPP. HRIA involves clearly outlining the respective roles and responsibilities of different actors involved and proposing concrete measures to address any potential adverse human rights impacts. It is therefore suggested that human right analysis, including HRIA, be integrated into PPP governance frameworks for essential services infrastructure development.