Collective Action, Social Learning and Transdisciplinary Research
In this text, we argue that collaboration between academic researchers and community-based social actors fosters social innovation, as it enables the co-construction of knowledge. Co-constructed knowledge lends itself to be applied by practitioners while also fostering a better understanding of social needs and aspirations—two dimensions that essentially converge. Our hypothesis is that collaboration between university and social actors can contribute to changing the institutionalized frameworks of knowledge (i.e., knowledge systems that support the objectivity of rules and codes that structure social relations in different societies) and, furthermore, that by exploring the experiential processes that trigger social innovation and lead to its institutionalization, this collaboration takes part in the social transformation.
Juan-Luis Klein and Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay
The chapter presents a survey of the main theoretical elements, debates and strategic perspectives on the link between cultural creation and the building of social cohesion in the city. The question addressed is: How can a cultural creation-oriented approach contribute to making the city more cohesive while contributing to its overall economic and social development? The chapter is divided into three sections. The first defines the main concepts and presents the main challenges. The second section provides a summary of the main debates on creation and creativity in the city and offers some innovative proposals. The third section sets the groundwork for a city development approach that would allow building a more cohesive city on the basis of cultural creation. The chapter shows that creation can be a collective way of enhancing the quality of life for all citizens and this calls for innovative forms of governance.