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Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 34 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with sharing information among the Parties. The chapter begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 35 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with ‘co-operation with civil society’. The provision formulates a duty to encourage co-operation between state agencies and NGOs. The chapter begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 39 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with the relationship with the Palermo Protocol. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision and provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter provides commentary on Article 40 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which has the purpose to regulate the relationship with other international instruments. This provision includes for instance the so called ‘disconnection clause’ concerning the relationship with the European Union and refers to rights relevant for the return of trafficked persons, thereby underlining the principle of of non-refoulement (nonreturn). The chapter begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 44 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with the territorial application of the Convention. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision and discusses issues of interpretation such as the application of the Convention in overseas territories and territories that belong to the national territory in Europe but enjoy some form of autonomy or special status.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter provides commentary on Article 1 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with the purposes of the Convention. Article 1 gives an overview of the structure of the Convention and serves, to a certain extent, as a table of contents for the Chapters of the Convention. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 3 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with the non-discrimination principle. The non-discrimination principle obliges Parties to implement all provisions of the Convention in a non-discriminatory manner since all provisions ‘shall be secured without discrimination’. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 6 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with measures to discourage the demand. As a minimum, Parties should implement measures that include the following four areas: (1) research, (2) raising awareness of the role of media and civil society in identifying demand as a root cause of trafficking, (3) information campaigns and (4) preventive measures including educational programmes on gender equality. The chapter starts with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter provides commentary on Article 7 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking on border measures. The provision is placed in the Convention’s Chapter II on ‘Prevention, co-operation and other measures’. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

Open access

Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 8 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with the security and control of documents. Measures under this provision should contribute to preventing trafficking in human beings by improving the security standards of travel or identity documents. The chapter starts with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.