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Julie Atwell

This chapter provides an overview of international efforts since 1963 to suppress the many forms of aviation terrorism, which include hijacking civilian aircraft for transportation or financial gain; taking hostages for a financial or political motive; attacks against airports or airport facilities; destroying or sabotaging an aircraft (including through the use of explosive devices on board, and employing man-portable air defence systems (MANPADS) to fire at aircraft; remotely attacking an aircraft’s air navigation system; using an aircraft as a weapon including to disseminate deadly material and using an aircraft to transport material or individuals to carry out a terrorist attack. It considers the drafting of international treaties (including the most recent, the Beijing Convention and Beijing Protocol of 2010), as well as initiatives by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the UN Security Council.