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Kai Schlegelmilch

This chapter identifies potentials for the internalisation of external costs through the abolition of subsidies favouring activities which are harmful for biodiversity, but also through the introduction of taxes on mineral fertilisers and pesticides, thus applying the polluter pays principle. Such reforms generate funding that can be used for targeted nature conservation measures. They also reduce the necessity to fund nature conservation with general public expenditure. The biodiversity-harmful subsidies only amount to around €22 billion p.a. Together with the equally harmful, but primarily climate-damaging subsidies, the figure rises to at least €55 billion p.a.. Additional taxes on surplus nitrogen inputs and on pesticides would generate €2 billion p.a. So far, nature conservation expenditures totalled just €600 million in 2009, although about €1.4 billion p.a. need to be made available for this purpose. Hence, abolition of harmful subsidies and introduction of taxes could substantially improve biodiversity by reducing this financial gap of € 800 million p.a..

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Kai Schlegelmilch

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Green budget reform: case study of Slovenia

Budgetary Policies for Environmental Improvement

Kai Schlegelmilch and Tanja Markovic-Hribernik

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Michael Rodi, Kai Schlegelmilch and Michael Mehling

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Introduction

Budgetary Policies for Environmental Improvement

J. Peter Clinch, Kai Schlegelmilch and Ursula Triebswetter

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Greening the Budget

Budgetary Policies for Environmental Improvement

Edited by J. Peter Clinch, Kai Schlegelmilch, Rolf-Ulrich Sprenger and Ursula Triebswetter

Greening the Budget regards the fundamental cause of environmental degradation as government and market failure and proposes the use of budgets as an instrument of environmental policy to rectify this problem. The book focuses on the elements of the public budget which currently affect the environment and explores the scope for greening both revenue and expenditure through specific measures.
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Edited by J. Peter Clinch, Kai Schlegelmilch, Rolf-Ulrich Sprenger and Ursula Triebswetter

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Foreword

Budgetary Policies for Environmental Improvement

Edited by J. Peter Clinch, Kai Schlegelmilch, Rolf-Ulrich Sprenger and Ursula Triebswetter