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Karima Kourtit and Peter Gordon

The aim of this chapter is to position the popular concept of geographic clusters in a broader regional development context. After a general overview of regional upgrading strategies and a concise introduction to cluster analysis, the chapter offers a critical analysis of clusters. It also provides a range of extensions of cluster analysis, with a particular view to the role of governments.

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Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi and Karima Kourtit

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Akın Özdemir, Karima Kourtit and Peter Nijkamp

Modern cities face a range of challenges and threats caused, inter alia, by intense population growth, environmental pollution, climate change, poverty, unemployment, lack of safety, migration and socio-economic inequality. Smart cities presuppose an innovative and knowledge-based approach to cope with these challenges and threats to improve urban quality of life and to make the city more inclusive and competitive. Digital technologies provide the tools to enhance the empirical knowledge about the city and its residents. This chapter addresses the question: ‘Under which conditions is social policy a facilitator of smart city strategies?’ Using a broad inventory and multi-disciplinary approach, and with the help of an extensive literature review, this chapter aims to provide a better understanding of the technology-based issues of smart cities and the position of those social groups most affected by these developments. The authors develop a conceptual framework for mapping out the forces at work. They also argue that digital technologies can be more accessible and usable for more city residents through social policy.

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Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp and Daniel Arribas- Bel

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Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp and Roger R. Stough

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Karima Kourtit, Miruna Mazurencu Marinescu and Peter Nijkamp

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The Rise of the City

Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century

Edited by Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp and Roger R. Stough

This book examines urban growth and the dynamics that are transforming the city and city regions in the 21st century focusing specifically on the spatial aspects of this process in the “Urban Century”. Forces that are driving city growth include agglomeration spillovers, concentration of innovation and entrepreneurship, diversity of information and knowledge resources, and better amenities and higher wages. These benefits produce a positive reinforcing system that attracts more people with new ideas and information, fuelling innovation, new products and services and more high-wage jobs, thereby attracting more people. Such growth also produces undesirable effects such as air and water pollution, poverty, congestion and crowding. These combined factors both impact and change the geography and spatial dynamics of the city. These transformations and the public policies that may be critical to the quality of life, both today and in the future, are the substance of this book.