The relative importance of grasslands to China and Mongolia and major issues facing these grasslands are described. The chapter highlights the rationale for the comparative analysis and interdisciplinary approach used in the book and how the approach is reflected in the structure of the book.
Colin G. Brown, Qiao Guanghua, Lkhagvadorj Dorjburegdaa, Jane Addison, David Kemp, Han Guodong, Uvdal Gombosuren, Karl Behrendt, Jeff Bennett and Li Ping
David Kemp, Li Ping, Jane Addison, Karl Behrendt, Wang Zhongwu, Han Guodong, Zhao Mengli, Uvdal Bombosuren and Hou Xiangyang
Grasslands provide not only a range of food and fibre and other provisioning services but also a range of environmental services. This chapter identifies, and compares and contrasts the relative importance of these services in China and Mongolia. It also discusses the set of these environmental services in both countries and describes the links between the services. The link between grassland degradation and these services is also examined.
Colin G. Brown, Jeff Bennett, Qiao Guanghua, Lkhagvadorj Dorjburegdaa, Jane Addison, Udval Gombosuren, David Kemp, Han Guodong, Karl Behrendt and Li Ping
Based on the understanding of the grassland ecology and of environmental, livestock production and market systems in Mongolia and China, and on an understanding of herder attitudes, perceptions and behavioural responses, this chapter discusses how incentives can be strengthened to meet the objectives of improved grassland condition and herder livelihoods. The chapter draws on a typology of environmental policies to examine how the incentives can be strengthened and policies improved. For instance, the chapter draws on the empirical analysis in Chapter 7 to discuss the effectiveness of policy instruments such as livestock taxes or ecocompensation payments to reduce stocking rates, on Chapters 2 and 6 to discuss issues related to compliance and enforcement of grassland policies, and on Chapters 2, 3, 4 and 6 to discuss moral suasion efforts and instruments that alter herder property and grassland use rights. The comparative analysis of Inner Mongolia and Mongolia throughout the book is drawn on for additional insights on strengthening the incentives and formulating strategies.