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Kaveri Gill

This chapter brings together extensive research on the urban informal waste and plastic recycling economy in Delhi in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The introduction focuses on the informal economy and the ‘need economy’ in contemporary India, before giving an overview of, and some key findings upon, that segment working in the particular domain of waste. The chapter goes on to trace salient urban and environmental policy developments, including the steady privatization of various aspects of the waste management system, and a closing of access to waste as a source of livelihood and enterprise to those in the urban informal economy. It concludes that this is an illustration of exclusion as hypothesized by Sanyal and Bhattacharya (2009) with coerced dispossession resulting in a flow of resources from the informal to the formal economy, and the decimation of the already marginalized informal waste workers and enterprise owners in India’s burgeoning ‘need economy’.