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Peter Rohan and Kenneth Moore

This chapter explores the landscape of university_industry collaboration (UIC) in Australia. It draws from international rankings and reports on levels of UIC and innovation in multiple countries. According to several indicators, UIC in Australia is comparatively low. Reasons for low UIC have been cited as the country’s incentive structures, industry norms and operational practices, as well as sector alignment of research goals. The chapter includes interview responses from six key stakeholders about their perspectives on problems associated with low levels of UIC in Australia, potential solutions, and whether the solutions are worth the effort. Responses about problems and solutions revolved around five key themes: strategy, structure, processes, capabilities and culture. All interviewees concluded that there is considerable potential for increased levels and more effective UIC in Australia, but responses varied about how much effort should be made to resolve issues. The chapter concludes with a set of suggestions to aid in the process of improving Australia’s UIC landscape.

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Kenneth Moore, Hamish Coates and Gwilym Croucher

Higher education has grown to play a major role in many countries, amplifying interest in productivity. Yet surprisingly little scholarly research has been conducted on this phenomenon. The chapter discusses the generalisation of a model validated previously by the United States National Academy of Science. It exemplifies this model by analysing cross-national data collected from ten diverse Asian countries and dozens of institutions. Quantitative data was collected on inputs, and on education and research outputs. In each country reviews were conducted of salient political and institutional contexts. The chapter reviews technical and empirical contributions to research, and articulates contexts and strategies for improving national policy and institutional management. Most broadly, it highlights the value of progressing contextualised scientific studies of productivity in higher education.