Scots contract law has experienced extensive English influence, and much of it will be familiar to English lawyers. The differences which exist arise as a result of civilian influence on Scots law. The author focuses on three areas which differ significantly from English contract law: (1) mutuality; (2) specific implement; and (3) material breach and rescission. The first is a fundamental concept which, inter alia, allows an ‘innocent’ party faced with a breach of contract to withhold his or her own performance. The second is an area which has attracted significant attention from scholars outside Scotland. The author provides her own perspective, taking account of existing scholarship. The third issue involves the interplay of contract and unjustified enrichment remedies. Recommendations of the Scottish Law Commission, if enacted, will do much to improve this contentious area of law. The comparative perspective offered by this chapter highlights the solutions applied by Scots law to perennial contract law problems.
Barb MacQuarrie, Katreena Scott, Danielle Lim, Laura Olszowy, Michael D. Saxton and Jen MacGregor
Domestic violence (DV) is increasingly understood as a workplace concern relevant to the safety of workplaces, the productivity of workers and human resource supports that should be available to employees. This chapter describes the emergence of DV as a workplace issue, profiles the results of Canadian surveys documenting the negative impact of DV victimization and perpetration on workers and workplaces, and outlines ongoing development in workplaces to raise awareness, advance prevention and workplace education initiatives, develop policies, craft new legislation, interpret existing legislation in new ways and secure entitlements for workers through collective bargaining.