This chapter explores a range of dispute settlement mechanisms (DSMs) for resolving disputes in the aftermath of disasters. It thus fills an important gap in the existing scholarship, not only offering an in-depth assessment of the various mechanisms that might be employed to resolve future disaster-related disputes, but also considering what we can learn from past experiences here. The chapter considers a range of DSMs, looking in turn at international courts and tribunals, domestic courts and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. These institutions are explored through seven case studies. A number of important conclusions are drawn from these case studies that should help to ensure that in future post-disaster situations the most appropriate DSMs are utilised in a way that ensures their effectiveness in resolving disaster-related disputes.