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LeRoy C Paddock

Environmental justice is a relatively new issue in environmental decision making, particularly outside of the United States. It raises the important question of the role of equity in government decision making. In February 2000, the US National Academy of Public Administration defined social equity as ‘the fair, just and equitable management of all institutions serving the public directly or by contract and the fair, just and equitable distribution of public services and implementation of public policy’. 1 Environmental justice concerns fall directly within this definition of social equity. They involve the ability of all people, regardless of race or economic status, to be involved in the environmental decision-making process, to be free from disproportionate environmental impacts, and to share environmental benefits and amenities. Effective integration of environmental justice in environmental decision making requires consistent leadership from senior managers, integration of justice considerations into critical environmental processes such as regulation development, permitting and enforcement, and a set of tools that allow decision makers, be they government officials or private developers, to readily accommodate justice considerations in their regular activities. Over the past few years the concept of environmental justice has become a global issue often related to discussions of human rights.
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LeRoy Paddock and Molly Masterton

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Robert L Glicksman and LeRoy C Paddock

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the growth of environmental law and the decision-making structures that governments have developed to adopt, administer, and enforce it. It traces the manner in which cooperative federalism and public participation have affected decision-making structures in environmental law, primarily in the United States. It summarizes key challenges that policymakers continue to face in designing environmental laws, including choices on the allocation of authority among different levels of government, the appropriate mix of regulatory and non-regulatory tools to use in environmental protection initiatives, efforts to accommodate environmental protection and economic growth objectives, techniques to spur useful government action in the face of political stalemates, balancing the benefits of public participation with the potential for participatory procedures to slow or derail the implementation of environmental laws, and determining the role of judicial review. The chapter concludes with a road map of all of the other chapters in the book.
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LeRoy C Paddock, David L Markell and Robert L Glicksman

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Edited by LeRoy C Paddock, David L Markell and Nicholas S Bryner

The Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law is a landmark reference work, providing definitive and comprehensive coverage of this dynamic field. The Encyclopedia is organised into 12 volumes around top-level subjects ? such as water, energy and climate change ? that reflect some of the most pressing issues facing us today. Each volume probes the key elements of law, the essential concepts, and the latest research through concise, structured entries written by international experts. Each entry includes an extensive bibliography as a starting point for further reading. The mix of authoritative commentary and insightful discussion will make this an essential tool for research and teaching, as well as a valuable resource for professionals and policymakers.
This content is available to you

Edited by LeRoy C Paddock, Robert L Glicksman and Nicholas S Bryner

The Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law is a landmark reference work, providing definitive and comprehensive coverage of this dynamic field. The Encyclopedia is organised into 12 volumes around top-level subjects – such as water, energy and climate change – that reflect some of the most pressing issues facing us today. Each volume probes the key elements of law, the essential concepts, and the latest research through concise, structured entries written by international experts. Each entry includes an extensive bibliography as a starting point for further reading. The mix of authoritative commentary and insightful discussion will make this an essential tool for research and teaching, as well as a valuable resource for professionals and policymakers.