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David Smallbone, Fergus Lyon and Xiao Li

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Li Xiao, Cunjun Wang and Zhi Xu

Chapter 14 uses the empirical data from China’s Guangdong province to show that corporate private investors overtake government and universities, with the former accounted for two-third of the most advanced Technology Business Incubators(TBIs) in the region. However, the fund size of government TBIs is two to three times larger than that of private TBIs, and government TBIs are generally more attractive to high-tech ventures for this reason. Considering TBIs in China as a whole, the effects of support services by TBIs on the performance of tenant start-ups are shaped by both TBI ownership and other exogenous factors. Chinese TBIs therefore should make contextual adaptions and adjust their roles to fit with local environments to promote entrepreneurial activity.

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David Smallbone, Li Xiao and Jianbo Xu

This chapter focuses on local public policies relevant to small and medium-sized (SME) development and entrepreneurship in China. Previous research has mainly been concerned with specific policies and programmes promoting innovative SMEs and entrepreneurship at the national level. Using documents on entrepreneurship policy initiatives and datasets on SME development in two contrasting provinces covering a period of ten years, entrepreneurship policy in China is shown to be more complex than in most other countries, serving not only entrepreneurial activities but also institutional transition. Geographic disparities in SME development and entrepreneurship are demonstrated through detailed analysis undertaken in Guangdong and Sichuan. Whilst there are marked differences in the policy priorities in Guangdong and Sichuan, all levels of government share a common goal to promote entrepreneurship and innovation.

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Li Xiang-Feng, Zhang Meng, Li Xiao-Ming and Fan Hao

It has always been the special needs for urban green spaces and parks for the elderly. As one of the main aims of the current large-scale community renewal in China, the quality-optimization of urban green spaces and parks will provide direct spatial support for the elderly-oriented regeneration. Taking Nanjing as an example, the article analyzed the accessibility of urban green spaces and parks for the elderly at the regional level; furthermore to demonstrate the impact of the accessibility of urban green spaces and parks for outdoor recreation of the elderly, 537 old people out of 15 old communities were selected as targets on the frequency of outdoor recreations, choice of the destination and distance of the destination by using questionnaires, interviews, behavior mapping as methods.