Digitalisation, with its increased availability and accessibility of mobile and cloud computing services, widespread use of social media and smartphones, faster broadband and interconnected networks, is transforming society and business practices. Yet, very little academic research has been undertaken on how digitalisation could affect the development of corporate governance in general, and the role of boards in particular. This chapter appraises current literature and research on digitalisation. It considers how boards can make an effective contribution to their organisations in the context of the increasing convergence of digitalisation and organisational governance, and how changing technologies are likely to impact on boards’ role and processes. While corporate governance research has been evolving over the last decade, it still has challenges to deal with.