This chapter considers the role of stereotype threat experienced by women in the workplace. Stereotype threat is a unique psychological phenomenon that occurs when individuals fear confirming negative stereotypes about one or more of their social group identities. The authors outline a number of ways in which stereotype threat is already known to impact women and propose additional means by which this phenomenon may manifest at work along with new avenues for research on this topic. The chapter ends with potential points for intervention as well as recommendations for leaders or managers to practice in an organization that are more inclusive of their female workers.
Tahira M. Probst and Lindsey M. Lavaysse
High levels of job insecurity persist in the aftermath of the recent global economic crisis. In this chapter, we summarize the current state of the literature by reviewing causes and consequences of job insecurity; potential mediating variables that serve as explanatory mechanisms for the numerous adverse effects of job insecurity on employee well-being; and moderating variables that impose boundary conditions on these adverse effects and suggest possible points of intervention at the individual, organizational, and sociocultural levels. We conclude our chapter by considering emerging research agendas and offering suggestions for future research directions.