The traditional narrative of disaster crime suggests that as mechanisms of government and social control deteriorate human beings will also devolve into their worst selves. This disaster mythology — which mistakenly suggests that disasters commonly spur widespread looting and violence — has distorted disaster response by engendering a legal and policy structure that frames natural disaster response too much as a law enforcement, rather than a humanitarian, problem. While security concerns should not be ignored, decision-makers should be cognizant that such concerns may be overblown and should guard against overemphasizing security at the expense of prompt, effective, and humane disaster response.
Lisa Grow Sun and Curtis Brandon
Abstract Urban planning is increasingly grappling with the necessity of adapting urban form to a changing climate. This chapter explores some of the important conceptual challenges that climate change poses for urban planners, including questions of governance; planning processes and regulatory tools; and property rights. Moving beyond conceptual issues, the chapter then addresses concrete adaptation efforts as they relate to four hallmarks of climate change – storm intensity, sea level rise (SLR), wildfire risk and increased temperature – and presents examples of recent adaptation efforts. Finally, the chapter identifies research gaps and suggests additional directions for future research.