Access to healthcare is a core issue in research on migration and health. The rising ethnic diversity in Global North Countries has been coupled with increasing disparities in health and healthcare access between foreign-born and native-born populations and among different immigrant sub-groups. This chapter discusses important perspectives surrounding healthcare access among immigrants and transnational migrants and outlines emerging research directions in healthcare access in the age of globalization. It first provides an overview of the fundamental concepts and theoretical frameworks for research on immigrant healthcare. The topics revisited include the healthy immigrant effect, ethnic density effect and the multifaceted nature of barriers to health access. The chapter then turns to emerging research topics concerning the culturally diverse healthcare workforce, transnational healthcare seeking among migrants, and aging and healthcare access in the context of transnationalism and accelerated international migration. The chapter suggests important research directions to: examine the characteristics and composition of the International Medical Graduate population in addressing the healthcare barriers for immigrants; explore transnational healthcare access and health management strategies among recent immigrants living in transnational communities; and investigate how older immigrants address health access challenges and unmet health needs in the context of transnational aging.
Edited by Huiyao Wang and Lu Miao
An excellent guide for understanding the trends, challenges and opportunities facing China through globalization, this Handbook answers the pertinent questions regarding the globalization process and China’s influence on the world.
Lu Wang and Michael G. Pratt
Wang Xi, Tang Tang, Lu Kun and Zhang Yan
Abstract This chapter provides a survey on literature of climate change law and policy in developing countries, with key attention to China, India and Brazil. The purpose of the survey is to find out what are the major topics and viewpoints on climate change policy and law in these countries so as to provide researchers with a good basis for further studying the climate change law and policy in developing countries. Many governments of developing countries have made national climate change policies and are dedicated to voluntary mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Academics from these developing countries are active in discussing the related policy and legal issues but, just like the national policies on climate change, the angles and positions of discussions on climate change are largely influenced by national conditions and national interests of their countries.