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Margarita Angelidou and Luca Mora

The smart city aspects that tackle physical structure and form, such as spatial planning, are largely understudied. Out of the currently existing smart cities, most are insufficiently adapted to their physical and sociotechinical context. Addressing these shortcomings, this chapter identifies the possible classifications and typologies of spatial planning for smart city development by means of case study research. The research focuses on ‘star’ cases of smart cities, particularly Vienna, Thessaloniki, Stockholm, India’s smart cities, the Multimedia Super Corridor, Heraklion and Amsterdam. The authors identify two typologies of spatial planning in a smart city framework. The first one is based on urban functions and land uses, the overarching district character and the technical infrastructure that is aimed to be enhanced. The second typology is based on the spatial scale and includes the following classifications: national scale, regional – metropolitan scale, municipality – local scale and distributed or project-based scale.

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Luca Mora, Alasdair Reid and Margarita Angelidou

In critically reflecting upon the first three decades of research on smart city development, this chapter exposes the division affecting this fast-emerging knowledge domain. This activity builds on a group of studies that the authors undertook between 2017 and 2018 in order to investigate the mechanisms of knowledge production shaping the intellectual structure of smart city research. In this chapter, these studies and their findings are examined. A synopsis is offered which captures the significance of the insights into the current state of smart city research that they have brought together. The significance of these studies lies in their ability to expose the absence of consensus in regard to selecting an approach to effectively manage smart city development, a condition which undermines smart city practice and the potential to deliver urban sustainability.