Luciana Lazzeretti, Dafna Schwartz and Franz Tödtling
Luciana Lazzeretti, Francesco Capone and Niccolò Innocenti
This chapter has a twofold objective. First, it aims to contribute to addressing the fragmentation of the literature on the creative economy, and second, to lay the foundation for an economics of creative industries. Following a bibliometric approach, the authors analyse all publications collected from the ISI Web of Science database, starting from 1998 and ending in 2016. Through the analysis of nearly 1600 publications, they study the evolution of creative economy research (CER). They apply a co-citation analysis developed using social network analysis, thereby exploring the ‘founders’ and ‘disseminators’ of cultural and creative industries (CCIs). Results underline that CCIs are not only the major topic in CER research, but this trend has become stronger in the last few years. In addition, evidence of this work strongly confirms the relevance of CCIs in the contemporary economy. This importance can only be expected to grow in the future. This last result supports the hypothesis concerning the foundation of an economics of creative industries.
Rafael Boix Domènech, Luciana Lazzeretti and Daniel Sánchez Serra
This work explores the relationship between the specialization in creative industries and the entrepreneurship rates and characteristics in a large sample of developing and developed countries. There is partial evidence about the positive effects of creativity on entrepreneurship in developed countries, although this relationship has hardly been studied for developing countries, and the results for both types of countries have not been compared. The current analysis is possible due to the elaboration of a new database crossing registers from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), Eurostat, World Bank, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Orbis and country reports, and includes 81 countries covering Europe, Asia, America, Africa and Oceania. Culture-based and intellectual property-based definitions of the creative industries are used in order to assess whether the effects on entrepreneurship are due to core creative competences or to the effect of the enhanced creative system. This offers a new perspective on the indirect effects of creative industries in the whole economy through entrepreneurship.
Edited by Philip Cooke and Luciana Lazzeretti
Luciana Lazzeretti and Mario Davide Parrilli
Leonardo Mazzoni and Luciana Lazzeretti
The aim of this chapter is to explore the literature on creative entrepreneurship under the lens of the creative economy approach and of local economic development. The study was carried out in two phases: first, the main definitions of creative entrepreneurship and its declinations are reviewed; second, a first bibliometric analysis is conducted on the ISI Web of Science database for the period 1998–2016, and around 300 publications are selected. Even with some limitations, the results of the research highlight how the topic has consistently grown and taken up a multidisciplinary character in recent years, although it remains a niche theme but with high potential for development. We found that the creative dimension is overwhelmingly entering the debate, beside the cultural sphere. However, the issue on the definition of creative entrepreneurship remains open.