The purpose of this chapter is to develop methods and framework of participatory action research (PAR) for community development in Bangladesh. Drawing from a number of community empowerment and community development field-based research examples, this chapter looks at the suitable research methods and framework of PAR that will help researchers to develop this research framework to consider the contextual aspects. It is noted that in Bangladesh there is a high volume of field-based research work in the community development field to address community development phenomena such as community planning, community participation, community partnership, community empowerment and sustainable community development. But there are no suitable methods and research framework that can command the community development related perspectives and contextual aspects of Bangladesh. This chapter provides a template of methods and framework of PAR with its definitions, principles, strengths and challenges in the community development field in Bangladesh. We hope that this chapter shows more clearly how participatory action research differs from other forms of social inquiry, integrating more clearly its political and methodological intentions. This research framework will be an important guideline for community level field practitioners, researchers, disaster experts, and policymakers.