This chapter conducts research on the rights of Saudi women to pursue education at university level. This is one of the hot topics in the Islamic world. The chapter reveals the structural gaps in institutions concerned with women’s education in Saudi Arabia. It posits that there is a necessity to review all philosophical and social basics and domestic laws relating to women’s education in the Kingdom. It further argues that the Kingdom’s objectives need to be reviewed; and its suitability examined in regard to the modern changes which have altered a woman’s vision of herself and also society’s vision of her. This in turn, requires a radical change in educational and vocational services in Saudi Arabia.