This chapter presents a case study of the innovation system and policies of Galicia, a European region in Northwest Spain. As this is a peripheral region both in geographical and in economic terms, the analysis of the Galician case aims at extracting lessons about the innovation and policy dynamics of non-core territories. Galicia, which owns relevant legal and political competences on industrial and innovation policies, has progressively built an institutional set-up to support innovation and so to articulate its innovation system. Nevertheless, as we will see in the chapter, many structural weaknesses persist, explaining the relatively poor innovation performance of the region in comparison with the EU average. The late 2000s economic crisis, which hit particularly hard in southern European economies, accounts also for the difficulties involved in improving the innovation performance. All in all, the Galician economic structure has not experienced significant changes and a conservative pattern has dominated over the last two decades.
Manuel González-López and Bjørn T. Asheim
During the last two decades interest in regional innovation policies has progressively increased within the field of regional innovation studies. Regional innovation policies studies are narrowly linked to the regional innovation system (RIS) approach (Cooke 1992; Cooke et al. 1997; Asheim and Isaksen 1997; Howells 1999; Asheim and Gertler 2005). The dominant paradigm for regional innovation policies in recent times has been, at least in Europe, the so-called smart specialisation approach. As indicated by Bjørn Asheim (2019), the smart specialisation approach is coherent with the RIS approach and somehow a logical extension of it. This book approaches the topic of regional innovation policies from both a theoretical and an empirical viewpoint, paying particular attention to non-core regions. It has as its standpoint the research activities developed by academics from different European institutions, which benefited from the support of the Jean Monnet project ‘EURIPER’ (EU Regional and Innovation Policies and Peripheral Regions) (587410-EPP-1-2017-1-ES-EPPJMO-PROJECT).
Pedro Varela-Vázquez and Manuel González-López
The research and development (R & D) Framework Programmes (FPs) are the main tool for fostering research and technological development within the European Research Area. Given the high concentration of projects in few hubs, it is advisable to examine the impact of them on the regional innovation and scientific capabilities. The main aim of this study is to shed light on the effects of the 6th and 7th FPs on regional innovation and scientific performance. The comprehensive database of projects was built by the authors from the CORDIS dataset. The methodology is based on the ordinary least square and Tobit techniques. Empirical evidence highlights the role played by the coordination and the participation in projects to foster innovation and scientific outcomes. Likewise, coordination of projects is more effective in encouraging innovation in less developed regions than in the developed ones. The opposite applies to scientific publications. Current allocation criteria may maintain geographical inequalities.